Tribute to Late Grandmaster Hong Choon (Hong Chuan)

1907 – 1990
Chief Abbot Phor Kark See Monastery
(1947 – 1990)

Master Hong Choon and Feng Shui

Hong Choon studied Feng Shui under Master Yen Ben in 1950s. He was imparted the secret Xuan Kong Geomancy Theory of Tan’s School of San Yuan Feng Shui and became very competent in the art. This San Yuan Feng Shui comes under the famous Wu Chang Sect Geomancy which originates in Wuxi, Jiangsu China.

In his stay in Singapore (as Abbot Phor Kark See Monastery), Master Hong Choon played a mentor and consultant role to many rich and influential individuals advising them in the aspect of Feng Shui well-being which includes his well known work at Grand Hyatt Hotel Orchard Road.

Brief History

Late Master Hong Choon was born in Xiahu village JinJiang, Southern Province of Fujian.. He was the only son in the family of six and was the favorite child in the family.

During his early days, he was send to a private school to study Chinese Classical Literature. As a child then, he was very conscious about importance of social serving. At the age of sixteen, he became a monk and devoted himself to the teaching of Buddhism.

At the age of eighteen, he went to Nan Pu Tuo Temple in Xiamen with his master, Venerable Seck Hui Quan where he had the opportunity to meet Bhikkhu Taixu and studied under him. During World War II (Japanese Invasion of China), he fled with his master and made his first stop in Singapore where they stayed at Long Sun See Temple and Phor Kark See Temple. They then left for Medan, Indonesia and later settle down at Meow Sian Lin Temple in Penang.

Later on after the death of his master, the Singapore Buddhist Lodge, Putuo Temple and the Chinese Buddhist Association invited him to lead Phor Kark See Temple at Bright Hill Drive Singapore. Master Hong Choon then made Singapore his home and was acknowledged by the local Chinese Buddhists as their highest religious leader.


Kong Meng San, Phor Kark See Monastery, the largest Buddhist temple in Singapore.

Venerable Hong Choon Memorial hall

Geomancy layout done by Late Grandmaster Hong Choon (Hong Chuan)

Source:” A tribute to Master Hong Choon”
published by Kong Meng San Phor Kark See temple.

Master Hong Choon welcoming Singapore’s Minister Mentor Mr LEE Kuan Yew 
to the Phor Kark See temple in 1966

Many have claimed to understand the Geomancy layout of Phor Kark See Monastery. Some has even gone on with beautiful explanations and details of its Feng Shui layout, giving special and fanciful names to match the formations.

But in actual, do they really understand the Feng Shui formula that are behind the work of our lineage? For instance, why are the doors at Phor Kark Monastery tilted to a certain angle? What purpose do they serve?

Some would explain that it is beneficial (giving special and fanciful formation names). Then, there are some who proclaimed that a tilted (off-center) door resembles a crooked mouth that triggers bad Feng Shui. But if that is indeed the case, why is Phor Kark Monastery (with a crooked mouth) still flourishing after so many decades and remain the largest Buddhist Temple in Singapore?

What is the reason behind? Could the landscape, watercourse and landforms that surround the monastery have influential luck effect?